Upper Cross Syndrome


Upper Cross Syndrome describes a characteristic pattern of muscle imbalances which frequently relates to some office-based sitting postures. As a consequence of these imbalances, patients may actually describe a range of symptoms such as mid back aching and stiffness, neck pain and restricted range of motion and headaches.

The characteristic pattern of imbalances includes the tightening and shortening of:

• Pectoralis minor and major (upper chest muscles).

• Upper trapezius (upper shoulder muscles).

• Levator scapulae (upper shoulder muscles).

• Sternocleidomastoid (neck muscles).

And the weakening of:

• The lower and middle trapezius.

• Serratus anterior and rhomboids.

These changes in posture are often accentuated by work postures which emphasise a hunched over forward head position. As such, sufferers often report an increase in discomfort at work and relief with activity. With Upper Cross Syndrome, there may be changes and compensation in movement both elsewhere in the spine and possibly peripherally in the extremities which can result in further irritation and eventual symptoms such as headaches.

(The list of conditions given above and subsequent explanations are intended as a general guide and should not be considered a replacement for a full medical examination. Furthermore, we do not purport to treat all the conditions listed. Should you wish to discuss any of these conditions with our chiropractors, please do not hesitate to phone the clinic on 020 7374 2272 or email enquiries@body-motion.co.uk).


Our team of chiropractors and massage therapists are on hand to answer any questions you may have, so get in touch today via enquiries@body-motion.co.uk or on +44 (0)20 7374 2272.

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